The Government of India has passed a regulation that all public service vehicles as defined under Clause 35 (2) of Section 2 of the Act will have fitments of location tracking devices and one or more emergency buttons. The rule has been notified by Ministry of Road Transport and Highway (MoRTH) vide notification no. 817 dated 28 November 2016.
This regulation will come into effect from 1 April 2018 and will include state transport buses, taxis & other public service as defined under Clause 35 (2) of the Act . All taxis, buses and public transport vehicles will have to install location tracking device or GPS and an emergency button. The rule is not applicable to two-wheelers, three-wheelers, e-rickshaws and any transport vehicle which require no permit..
The vehicle tracking device and emergency button shall be fitted by the manufacturer or their dealer or the respective operator in accordance with AIS-140 by ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India). As per the AIS-140 guidelines, safety and security functions shall be met by only single device that can be interfaced by external emergency buttons. The communications to Backend Control Server (Government authorized server) shall be done by device as per the protocol and functionalities..